What then?

In Intish, all past verbs and past participles can end with ed.

• Most verbs simply add ed:

The Yellow River in China, otherwise knowed as the Huang He. (The Amazing River)

I heared you, miss. (The Amazing River)

I eated it because you sayed that it be a piece of cake. (Homework)

I telled you that. (Homework)

New classrooms and offices have just beed builded. (The New Office)

I just sended for your son. (The New Office)

So anyone who be beared on February 29 ben’t allowed to drive until seventy-two years later? (An Extra Day)

Have you ever goed into the military, sir? (Experience)

• If the verb end in a single consonant (other than x) that follow a single stressed vowel, that consonant be doubled and ed be added:

Have you getted a note to join this class? (Michael)

I beed up all night last night doing the homework that you setted yesterday, miss. (Homework)

I winned many general knowledge contests. (Experience)

• If the verb end in y after a consonant, the y change to i and ed be added. (In standard English, there are very few exceptions to this.)

• If the verb end in e, only d be added:

Because you writed the same answers as George. (The New Office)

It maked me strong. (Experience)

I never losed a match when I beed in the military. (Experience)

In particular:

doed can replace did and done

I doed the homework already. (Homework)

Sorry, what doed you say? (The New Office)

What doed my mother say on the phone? (The New Office)

Well doed, Helen. (An Extra Day)

What doed you do what during that war, sir? (Experience)

I doed body building when I beed in college. (Experience)

doedn’t can replace didn’t

It doedn’t taste like cake, though. (Homework)

Should students be in trouble for something that they doedn’t do? (Homework)

Sir, I doedn’t cheat. (The New Office)

I doedn’t think about that. (Projects)

I tried alcohol once; doedn’t like it. (At the Pub)

haved can replace had. From Experience:

Haved you learned any Asian martial arts before your military days, sir?

He probably never haved a match in the military.

havedn’t can replace hadn’t. From Experience:

No, I havedn’t.


In both American and British English, about 150 verbs do not add ed or d, including the following that be in the Longman Communication 3000.

Intish active past

and past participle


active past


past participle

beed was or were been
beared (gived birth) bore born
beared (carried) bore borne
beated beat beaten
becomed became become
beginned began begun
bended bent bent
bited bit bitten
blowed blew blown
breaked broke broken
bringed brought brought
builded built built
bursted burst burst
buyed bought bought
casted cast cast
catched caught caught
choosed chose chosen
comed came come
costed (haved a price) cost cost
cutted cut cut
dealed dealt (“delt”) dealt (“delt”)
digged dug dug
doed did done
drawed drew drawn
drinked drank drunk
drived drove driven
eated ate eaten
falled fell fallen
feeded fed fed
feeled felt felt
fighted fought fought
finded found found
fleed fled fled
flied flew flown
forgetted forgot forgotten
forgived forgave forgiven
freezed froze frozen
getted got got
gived gave given
goed went gone
growed grew grown
hanged (something) hung hung
haved had had
heared heard heard
hided hid hidden
hitted hit hit
holded held held
hurted hurt hurt
keeped kept kept
knowed knew known
layed laid laid
leaded (“leeded”) led led
leaved (departed) left left
lended lent lent
letted let let
lied (not moved) lay lain
losed lost lost
maked made made
meaned meant (“ment”) meant (“ment”)
meeted met met
payed paid paid
putted put put
readed read (“red”) read (“red”)
rided rode ridden
ringed (bell) rang or rung rung
rised rose risen
runned ran run
sayed said (“sed”) said (“sed”)
seed saw seen
seeked sought sought
selled sold sold
sended sent sent
setted set set
shaked shook shaken
shooted shot shot
showed showed shown
shutted shut shut
singed (“singd”) sang or sung sung
sinked sank or sunk sunk
sitted sat sat
sleeped slept slept
slided slid slid
speaked spoke spoken
spended spent spent
splitted split split
spreaded spread spread
standed stood stood
stealed stole stolen
sticked stuck stuck
striked struck struck
sweared swore sworn
sweeped swept swept
swimmed swam swum
swinged (“swingd”) swung swung
taked took taken
teached taught taught
teared (“taird”) tore torn
telled told told
thinked thought thought
throwed threw thrown
understanded understood understood
waked woke woken
weared wore worn
winned won won
winded (twisted) wound (“wownd”) wound (“wownd”)
writed wrote written

Note that drunk as an adjective and noun can still refer to someone who be affected by alcohol, and given, shot, and thought can still be used as nouns.


This page beed revised Oct 10, and writed in Intish. A complete list of verbs that are irregular in both American and British English is available to any registered user on request.