In Intish, all past verbs and past participles can end with ed.
• Most verbs simply add ed:
The Yellow River in China, otherwise knowed as the Huang He. (The Amazing River)
I heared you, miss. (The Amazing River)
I eated it because you sayed that it be a piece of cake. (Homework)
I telled you that. (Homework)
New classrooms and offices have just beed builded. (The New Office)
I just sended for your son. (The New Office)
So anyone who be beared on February 29 ben’t allowed to drive until seventy-two years later? (An Extra Day)
Have you ever goed into the military, sir? (Experience)
• If the verb end in a single consonant (other than x) that follow a single stressed vowel, that consonant be doubled and ed be added:
Have you getted a note to join this class? (Michael)
I beed up all night last night doing the homework that you setted yesterday, miss. (Homework)
I winned many general knowledge contests. (Experience)
• If the verb end in y after a consonant, the y change to i and ed be added. (In standard English, there are very few exceptions to this.)
• If the verb end in e, only d be added:
Because you writed the same answers as George. (The New Office)
It maked me strong. (Experience)
I never losed a match when I beed in the military. (Experience)
• doed can replace did and done
I doed the homework already. (Homework)
Sorry, what doed you say? (The New Office)
What doed my mother say on the phone? (The New Office)
Well doed, Helen. (An Extra Day)
What doed you do what during that war, sir? (Experience)
I doed body building when I beed in college. (Experience)
• doedn’t can replace didn’t
It doedn’t taste like cake, though. (Homework)
Should students be in trouble for something that they doedn’t do? (Homework)
Sir, I doedn’t cheat. (The New Office)
I doedn’t think about that. (Projects)
I tried alcohol once; doedn’t like it. (At the Pub)
• haved can replace had. From Experience:
Haved you learned any Asian martial arts before your military days, sir?
He probably never haved a match in the military.
• havedn’t can replace hadn’t. From Experience:
No, I havedn’t.
In both American and British English, about 150 verbs do not add ed or d, including the following that be in the Longman Communication 3000.
|Intish active past
and past participle
|beed||was or were||been|
|beared (gived birth)||bore||born|
|costed (haved a price)||cost||cost|
|dealed||dealt (“delt”)||dealt (“delt”)|
|lied (not moved)||lay||lain|
|meaned||meant (“ment”)||meant (“ment”)|
|readed||read (“red”)||read (“red”)|
|ringed (bell)||rang or rung||rung|
|sayed||said (“sed”)||said (“sed”)|
|singed (“singd”)||sang or sung||sung|
|sinked||sank or sunk||sunk|
|winded (twisted)||wound (“wownd”)||wound (“wownd”)|
Note that drunk as an adjective and noun can still refer to someone who be affected by alcohol, and given, shot, and thought can still be used as nouns.
This page beed revised Oct 10, and writed in Intish. A complete list of verbs that are irregular in both American and British English is available to any registered user on request.